The earthquake, which measured 7.5 on the moment magnitude scale and was felt from San Francisco to the Mexican border, destroyed the nearby communities of Tehachapi and Arvin.
The earthquake's destructive force also bent cotton fields into U shapes, slid a shoulder of the Tehachapi Mountains across all four lanes of the Ridge Route, collapsed a water tower creating a flash flood, and destroyed the railroad tunnels in the mountain chain.
They include: North Bakersfield, Northeast, Southeast, South Bakersfield, Southwest, and Northwest.
East Bakersfield generally refers to the former town of Sumner (later renamed East Bakersfield).
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The more built-up urban area that includes Bakersfield and areas immediately around the city, such as East Bakersfield, Oildale and Rosedale, has a population of approximately 464,000.
The city is a significant hub for both agriculture and oil production.
According to local historian Gilbert Gia By 1880, the town had a population of 801, and by 1890, it had a population of 2,626.Bakersfield lies around 100 miles (160 km) north of Los Angeles (about a 1½-hour drive on I-5 and State Route 99) and about 300 mi (480 km) southeast of the state capital, Sacramento (about a 4½-hour drive on State Route 99).